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Quercus rubra - Red oak
Description: Red Oak is a medium-sized, deciduous tree. It is monoecious; insignificant separate male and female catkins appear in spring. The acorns mature in early fall and provide food for birds and wildlife. Fall foliage is russet-red to bright-red, but occasionally yellow-brown. It prefers fertile, dry, sandy soil. Red Oak provides nesting space, cover, and shelter for wildlife. Oaks are host to numerous beneficial insects, which in turn provide food for birds. Red Oak is a host plant to butterfly and moth larvae (caterpillars), including Gray Hairstreak (Strymon melinus). Use it as a specimen in your yard, a street tree, or lawn tree.

Plant Details: Other Common Names: Northern Red Oak

Plant Type: Tree

New Jersey Native: Yes

Bloom Times: Spring, Late Spring to Early Summer

Bloom Colors: Yellow, Green, Brown

Deer Resistance: None

Attracts Pollinators and Wildlife: Butterflies, Hummingbirds, Birds

Salt Tolerance: Medium

Hardiness Zone: 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b

Physiographic Region: All Regions in NJ

Soil Characteristics Soil Type: Loam, Organic, Sandy, Clay

Soil Moisture: Dry

Soil pH: Acidic, Slightly Acidic, Neutral

Light Needs of Plant Optimal Light: Full Sun

Light Range: Full Sun, Partial Shade

Water Needs of Plant Soil Moisture: Dry

Drought Tolerance: Low

Size and Growth Rate Height: 60 - 75 ft

Spread: 60 - 75 ft

Growth Rate: Medium