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Platanus occidentalis - American sycamore
Description: American Sycamore is a very large, deciduous tree, achieving massive height and girth. It is monoecious; male and female flowers appear on separate trees. Fertilized female flowers give way to spherical, airy balls of seeds, which disintegrate as they are weathered. Sycamore features large, lobed, dark green leaves and irregularly exfoliating (peeling) bark, revealing an attractive pattern of jigsawed colors. Sycamore is tolerant of urban conditions and highly valued as a native tree. It is susceptible to anthracnose (a fungal plant disease), which causes temporary defoliation, but the leaves grow back quickly. Plant it as a specimen in your large yard, or as a street tree in your neighborhood.

Plant Details: Other Common Names: American Planetree, Buttonwood

Plant Type: Tree

New Jersey Native: Yes

Bloom Times: Spring

Bloom Colors: Red, Yellow

Deer Resistance: High

Attracts Pollinators and Wildlife: Birds

Salt Tolerance: Low to None

Hardiness Zone: 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b

Physiographic Region: All Regions in NJ

Soil Characteristics Soil Type: Loam, Organic, Sandy

Soil Moisture: Dry

Soil pH: Acidic, Slightly Acidic

Light Needs of Plant Optimal Light: Full Sun

Light Range: Full Sun, Partial Shade

Water Needs of Plant Soil Moisture: Dry

Drought Tolerance: Low

Size and Growth Rate Height: 75 - 100 ft

Spread: 75 - 100 ft

Growth Rate: Fast