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Nyssa sylvatica - Black gum
Description: Blackgum is a medium-sized, flowering, deciduous tree, which offers many benefits for wildlife. White, inconspicuous flowers bloom May-June. It is primarily dioecious, with male and female flowers on separate trees, although trees typically host a few “perfect” flowers. Blackgum offers an excellent nectar source for bees. Fertilized female flowers are followed by edible sour fruits, which provide an important food source for birds and wildlife. It is a host plant for many inconspicuous insects, which provide food for migrating and resident birds. It offers showy, red color in fall. Its medium-high wind resistance and tolerance to flooded and salty conditions makes it a valuable Jersey-Friendly tree for your yard!

Plant Details: Other Common Names: Tupelo, Sourgum

Plant Type: Tree

New Jersey Native: Yes

Bloom Times: Late Spring to Early Summer

Bloom Colors: White

Deer Resistance: High

Attracts Pollinators and Wildlife: Bees and Other Pollinators, Butterflies, Birds

Salt Tolerance: Medium

Hardiness Zone: 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b

Physiographic Region: All Regions in NJ

Grows in Special Ecoregions: Barrier Island/Coastal, Pinelands

Soil Characteristics Soil Type: Loam, Organic, Sandy

Soil Moisture: Dry, Moist, Wet

Soil pH: Acidic

Light Needs of Plant Optimal Light: Full Sun

Light Range: Full Sun, Partial Shade

Water Needs of Plant Soil Moisture: Dry, Moist, Wet

Drought Tolerance: Low

Size and Growth Rate Height: 30 - 50 ft

Spread: 20 - 30 ft

Growth Rate: Medium