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Acer rubrum - Red maple
Description: Red Maple is a medium-sized, cold-tolerant deciduous tree. It has attractive, bright red fall foliage. Clusters of red flowers, which bloom March-April, are followed by red maple fruits (double-winged samaras). Nectar from the flowers is a valuable food source for native bees and honeybees. This wildlife-friendly species is a host for butterfly and moth larvae (caterpillars), including Rosy Maple Moth (Dryocampa rubicunda) and Cecropia Moth (Hyalophora cecropia). The caterpillars provide an early spring food source for birds. Use as a specimen or shade tree in the yard, but not too close to sidewalks or driveways, since this tree has a shallow root system, which may cause buckling of pavement.

Plant Details: Other Common Names: Swamp Maple, Scarlet Maple

Plant Type: Tree

New Jersey Native: Yes

Bloom Times: Spring

Bloom Colors: Red

Deer Resistance: Some

Attracts Pollinators and Wildlife: Bees and Other Pollinators, Butterflies, Birds

Salt Tolerance: Low to None

Hardiness Zone: 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b

Physiographic Region: All Regions in NJ

Grows in Special Ecoregions: Barrier Island/Coastal, Pinelands

Soil Characteristics Soil Type: Loam, Organic, Sandy, Clay

Soil Moisture: Dry, Moist, Wet

Soil pH: Acidic, Slightly Acidic, Neutral, Slightly Alkaline

Light Needs of Plant Optimal Light: Full Sun

Light Range: Full Sun, Partial Shade

Water Needs of Plant Soil Moisture: Dry, Moist, Wet

Drought Tolerance: Medium

Size and Growth Rate Height: 35 - 80 ft

Spread: 25 - 70 ft

Growth Rate: Fast