Quercus alba - White oak
Description: White Oak is a large, wildlife-friendly, deciduous tree of the white oak group. Mature White Oak trees are wide and spreading. It is monoecious; greenish-yellow flowers bloom on separate male and female catkins in April. It tolerates occasional flooding and drought, and has medium-high wind resistance. Acorns provide a valuable food source for birds and wildlife. White Oaks are host to numerous, inconspicuous insects, which in turn provide food for birds. It is a host plant for butterfly and moth larvae (caterpillars), including Edwards Hairstreak (Satyrium edwardsii). White Oak provides nesting space, cover, and shelter for wildlife. Use White Oak as a shade tree for your large yard, neighborhood park, or naturalized area. It can be used as a street tree, but needs room to spread.

Plant Details: Plant Type: Tree

New Jersey Native: Yes

Bloom Times: Spring

Bloom Colors: Yellow, Green

Deer Resistance: None

Attracts Pollinators and Wildlife: Butterflies, Birds

Salt Tolerance: Medium

Hardiness Zone: 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b

Physiographic Region: All Regions in NJ

Grows in Special Ecoregions: Barrier Island/Coastal, Pinelands

Soil Characteristics Soil Type: Loam, Organic, Sandy

Soil Moisture: Dry, Moist

Soil pH: Acidic, Slightly Acidic, Neutral

Light Needs of Plant Optimal Light: Full Sun

Light Range: Full Sun, Partial Shade

Water Needs of Plant Soil Moisture: Dry, Moist

Drought Tolerance: Medium

Size and Growth Rate Height: 50 - 80 ft

Spread: 60 - 80 ft

Growth Rate: Slow